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Research Commons: Research Methodology

What is Research methodology?

Research methodology refers to the research design, methods of data collection, techniques, fieldwork and data analysis

What are research methods?

Research method is  a general strategy that a researcher follows to collect data required for answering research questions.

There are various  types of research methods which use different tools for data collection. The main three are Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods.


Qualitative Research

How to use and assess qualitative research methods

This paper aims to provide an overview of the use and assessment of qualitative research methods. Qualitative research can be defined as the study of the nature of phenomena and is especially appropriate for answering questions of why something is (not) observed, assessing complex multi-component interventions, and focusing on intervention improvement. The most common methods of data collection are document study, (non-) participant observations, semi-structured interviews and focus groups.

You can read full article here.


Methods in the Time of COVID-19: The Vital Role of Qualitative Inquiries (2020) /Michelle Teti , Enid Schatz, and Linda Liebenberg. Full article available here.

Mixed methods Research

Mixed methods research: Book chapter / Norma RA Romm and Patrick Ngulube. The chapter looks at the following:

  • What is mixed methods?
  • How to conduct mixed methods and
  • When and why you might use this approach. Full text available  here.

Quantitative Research

Quantitative ,Qualitative, and Mixed Research

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